The Trang An Tourism Complex in the northern province of Ninh Binh has long become a favorite destination for a short trip from Hanoi. And good news recently released by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism is that this Complex was recognized as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO on June 23, 2014.
With this acknowledgement, Trang An has become the Vietnam’s 8th cultural and natural heritage site.
The recognition is granted in accordance with the principles of the Convention on the Protection of World Culture and Natural Heritages including cultural, aesthetical, and geological-geomorphic values and the preservation of heritage.
Covering an area of nearly 2,000 hectares, the complex consists of three conjunctional sites: the Hoa Lu ancient citadel, Trang An-Tam Coc-Bich Dong natural scenic site, and the Hoa Lu primeval forest. It boasts 47 historical relics with numerous caves decorating with unique shape of stalactites and stalagmites inside stunning limestone karst mountain ranges. The lyric and picturesque landscape of Trang An is a harmonic combination of mountain, valley, and system of lakes.
Not only serving as a cradle of civilization of ancient Vietnamese, Trang An also used to house the first capital of the Vietnamese feudal and independent state, Hoa Lu, more than 1,000 years ago. Its rugged landscape provided a favourable location for a secure and easily defended citadel.
Moreover, Trang An owns diverse ecological system. It is surrounded by primary forests with variety of floral and fauna systems including 310 types of tracheophyta, many kinds of fungi, moss and algae, some rare trees like Dalbergia tonkinensis, Chukrasia tabularis, Burretiodendron hsienmu, over 30 animals, 50 types of birds, reptiles, especially rare animals like Capricornis sumatraensis, Neofelis nebulosa, white chest gibbon, Buceros bicornis.
If you have chance to Northern Vietnam, remember to take a trip to Trang An complex and see how it attracts so many tourists.